bond forecast

Did Bankers Cause the Repo Crisis to Get Rich?

   The recent crisis in the Repo market last week may have been because the banking industry had gotten used to having only one or two of the big six banks provide last minute loans (Repo transactions) to their peer group and then suddenly these one or two banks simply weren’t available because they found other interesting things to invest in. Perhaps the banks decided it was worth it to temporarily pay an exorbitant interest rate to buy a two year Treasury Note yielding about 1.7%. The reason: if yields drop to zero then the banks borrow for free while earning a 1.7% yield (actually the yield about 10% more, about 1.9%, since it's free of state income tax) from

2019-09-23T19:04:52-07:00September 23rd, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Did Bankers Cause the Repo Crisis to Get Rich?

Negative Rates Explained

      Interest rates are very low or negative because of a need for investors to find risk-free sovereign bonds. During the 19th century there were many years of crashes when the only safe store of value, besides gold, was Treasury bonds; at times the real yield was near zero. The nominal yield was also quite low. Investors who buy bonds may engage in competition with other investors, thus forcing the price up, which makes the yield go down. It is like real estate investors: if too many buyers compete to buy a rental property to get yield from a property then prices will go higher and yields as a percent of the property will go lower.    Since

2019-08-21T17:45:12-07:00August 21st, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Negative Rates Explained

Negative Interest Rates May Intensify

   Recently there has been an increase in news stories about the increasing amount of negative interest rate debt. I had hoped that the problem of negative interest rates would somehow go away as people realized they don’t provide a solution. Instead, the negative loans and bonds are increasing.    To understand negative rates imagine yourself with all your assets in the form of gold coins while living in a medieval city-state in Italy in the year 1500. To secure you gold you would have to deposit the funds with a goldsmith who had a safe.  They would charge you a fee since they are merely providing a storage service. If the town was undergoing a siege by powerful adversaries

2019-08-12T18:24:42-07:00August 12th, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Negative Interest Rates May Intensify

The Federal Reserve Could Make The Economy Worse

Some Federal Reserve governors want to make the economy run “hot” by rapidly increasing the money supply to cause inflation. They mistakenly believe that higher inflation will force consumers to overconsume and that will trigger economic growth. This is wrong because consumers and business managers won’t be fooled by inflation and will not sustainably increase spending and investing. As the Fed increases its degree of interference with and disruption of the economy then business managers will have to adjust for this which will include assigning a higher risk premium (a hurdle rate used to decide if a project is going to be successful) to business activities. When that happens the cost of capital will be higher that it otherwise would

2019-07-26T15:23:31-07:00July 26th, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on The Federal Reserve Could Make The Economy Worse

Will Bonds Perform the Same as in the 1970’s Inflation Era?

   During the 1970’s there was a significant increase in inflation in the US and the UK which made interest rates rise, thus damaging long term bonds. Gold’s price rose during the 1970’s and was the best asset during that era. Stocks spent the inflationary era of 1966 to 1982 going down 50% and then their prices returned to their starting points after a 16 year bear market, so on a nominal price return basis investors made no gains, however they did get dividends. Could this time be different where yields are repressed by central banks and not allowed to rise in tandem with inflation? There was a precedent for that in the UK in the 1970’s the real rate

2019-07-12T16:11:06-07:00July 12th, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Will Bonds Perform the Same as in the 1970’s Inflation Era?

Negativity About the U.S. Dollar Is Wrong

    It seems a many financial advisors and financial commentators are making an increasing amount of negative comments about the U.S. dollar and U.S. Treasuries. I disagree with them. I remember the 1970’s when there were many scary headlines about the end of Bretton Woods monetary agreement, Watergate, Nixon’s resignation, the U.S. defeat in Vietnam, the two OPEC oil shortages of 1973 and 1979 that severely damaged the economy, and the US embassy hostage situation in 1979 in Iran, etc. The dollar went down in value and the economy performed poorly while inflation increased dramatically in the 1970’s. Gold went up from $43 in August, 1971 to a peak of $880 in January, 1980. The inflation-adjusted price return of the

2019-06-14T17:25:55-07:00June 14th, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Negativity About the U.S. Dollar Is Wrong

Will Inflation Return?

     Economist Mohamed El Erian wrote that inflation may increase once cost cuts from the gig economy (Uber, Amazon, etc.) have been maxed out and the supply of unemployed people dries up, and corporations get more oligopolistic. I disagree, I believe: The dominant paradigm of the era is cheap EM labor undermining Developed countries resulting in unemployment, foreclosures, low growth in Developed countries. This force is far more powerful than the inflationary force suggested by Mohamed El-Erian. The fundamentals of EM countries are export subsidies, and excess production funded by local banks under political orders to loan money to companies that are not financially sound, so as to create make-work jobs, etc. Ironically as the trade dispute with China acts

2019-05-22T17:25:26-07:00May 22nd, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Will Inflation Return?

Will China Tariffs Be Inflationary?

     The 25% tariff against imports from China won’t be inflationary. Consumers in the U.S. will simply buy less goods because they have a limited budget. Thus if they chose to buy imported goods from China, that suddenly cost 25% more because of the tariff, they will simply buy less of other items. The higher cost will inspire domestic competition and more likely inspire additional competition from other EM countries that have lower wage costs than China. Based on the fact that China devalued by 50% in 1994 a 25% devaluation by China, in response to the tariffs, will occur. This would trigger a retaliatory devaluation by Japan which has used devaluation to compete and stimulate its economy. This would

2019-05-14T15:06:33-07:00May 14th, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Will China Tariffs Be Inflationary?

Low Unemployment Yet Declining Interest Rates: Why?

     The Employment report was released today by the BLS. The unemployment rate dropped to a very low percentage of 3.6%, the lowest in 50 years. But factory jobs growth stalled this year. Manufacturing and mining produced the growth of GDP in 2017 and 2018 and now that has stalled. Factory jobs in April declined by 4,000. These good paying jobs are worth more in terms of stimulation and growth than a low wage, entry-level fast food job. The Labor Force Participation Rate has been stuck near 63%, but in 2007 before the crash, it was 66%, which is 4.8% (as a percent of a percent) less than in 2007. If these missing workers reported to the government that they

2019-05-03T15:40:47-07:00May 3rd, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Low Unemployment Yet Declining Interest Rates: Why?

Incorrect GDP Fools Investors

Today the GDP quarterly data was released showing a surprisingly strong 3.18% increase. Yet bond yields declined, implying the bond market thinks the economy is slowing down. Harald Malmgren on Twitter said the BEA used an inflation rate of 0.64% to calculate a “real” GDP of 3.18%. If the BEA used the CPI (done by the BLS) of 2.27% the GDP would be 1.56%. In my opinion one should use the PCE inflation index of 1.3%, less a 0.25% downward adjustment for errors in the contrived “Owner’s Equivalent Rent” housing cost index, making inflation 1.05%, some 0.4% higher than what was used to calculate GDP. If my method was used then real GDP would be 2.78%, lower than some of

2019-04-26T15:19:59-07:00April 26th, 2019|mayflowercapital blog|Comments Off on Incorrect GDP Fools Investors